The instructions for the reader: uses of development cooperation funds
On these pages you can read about programmes and projects that are funded through Finland’s development cooperation appropriations. The projects have a certain duration and objectives, and they may be part of a programme. A programme may include a number of projects that promote the objectives of the programme.
The Development Assistance Committee (DAC) of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) monitors the use of Finland’s development cooperation appropriations, and collects and publishes information on the use of appropriations yearly.The monitoring of the projects and programmes funded must comply with the classifications laid down by the DAC so that the information is internationally comparable.
In the information provided about the projects and programmes funded, the objectives, fields of activity and aid types are broken down following the Committee’s classifications.
Explanations for information about the projects and programmes funded
The descriptiion explains what is done in the programme or project and why, what results are pursued, who benefits from the activities and who are involved in the implementation.
A link to the website of the programme or project, if a website exists.
The funding decision shows the sum that the Ministry for Foreign Affairs has granted for implementing the programme or project and the date on which the decision was made. The funding decision is made by the Director General of the Department for Development Policy (under 200,000 euros) or the Minister for International Development (over 200,000 euros) upon the presentation of the Ministry unit responsible for the programme or project.
In development cooperation, some of the funding may be earmarked for making acquisitions from a specific actor. The tied amount refers to aid that is reserved for acquisitions from, say, the donor country or a certain limited group of countries, or for development cooperation carried out by institutions in the donor country or in a certain limited group of countries. In the case of Finland, this generally means acquisitions from Finland and activities carried out by Finnish institutions.
The OECD Development Assistance Committee follows how much of the aid given by donors is tied aid.
Admittance is the sum that has been reserved for the project from public funds. The admittance is shown in the information for the project when the project is part of a larger entity, for which a funding decision has already been made. In such a case, the funding decision shows the total sum reserved for funding and the projects that will be supported, but the funds to individual projects are channelled through admittance.
The target country is the country where a programme or a project is carried out. A single target country is not defined in cases where the programme or project is carried out in many countries.
The target region defines the region where the programme or project is carried out. A target region is not necessarily defined for all programmes or projects. The target region may be within one country or it may cover several countries.
The OECD Development Assistance Committee monitors the use of development cooperation appropriations and has defined development objectives. The attainment of these objectives is followed by collecting information.
A programme or a project may also have objectives that are not included in the objectives monitored by the Committee and that are not listed here.
The objectives monitored by the OECD Development Assistance Committee:
Aid to environment
Climate change - mitigation
Climate change - adaptation
Participatory development/Good governance
The field of activity defines in which field of activity a programme or a project is implemented. A programme or a project may also operate in more than one field of activity.
The division into fields of activity is based on the classification drawn up by the OECD Development Assistance Committee (purpose codes).
Fields of activity:
Education policy and administrative management
Education facilities and training
Basic life skills for youth and adults
Early childhood education
Advanced technical and managerial training
Health policy and administrative management
Basic health care
Basic health infrastructure
Infectious disease control
Health personnel development
Public sector policy and administrative management
Public finance management
Decentralisation and support to subnational government
Anti-corruption organisations and institutions
Legal and judicial development
Democratic participation and civil society
Legislatures and political parties
Media and free flow of information
Women’s equality organisations and institutions
Security system management and reform
Civilian peace-building, conflict prevention and resolution
Post-conflict peace-building (UN)
Reintegration and SALW control
Land mine clearance
Child soldiers (Prevention and demobilisation)
Environmental policy and administrative management
Environmental education/ training
Urban development and management
Non-agricultural alternative development
General budget support
Food aid/Food security programmes
Import support (capital goods)
Import support (commodities)
Material relief assistance and services
Emergency food aid
Relief co-ordination; protection and support services
Reconstruction relief and rehabilitation
Disaster prevention and preparedness
Funds are channelled into development cooperation through various types of aid. The type of aid defines how the financing of a programme or a project is arranged or what activities are financed.
The division into aid types is based on the classification drawn up by the OECD Development Assistance Committee.
Types of aid:
General budget support
Sector budget support
Core support to NGOs, other private bodies, PPPs and research institutes
Core contributions to multilateral institutions
Contributions to specific-purpose programmes and funds managed by international organisations (multilateral, INGO)
Basket funds/pooled funding
Donor country personnel
Other technical assistance
Scholarships/training in donor country
Imputed student costs
Administrative costs not included elsewhere
Refugees in donor countries
A special target group is a vulnerable group of people susceptible to exclusion or discrimination whose position the programme or project will improve. Not all programmes or projects have a special target group.
Special target groups:
People with disabilities
Indigenous peoples / ethnic minorities
Funding for the activities of a programme or a project is channelled through a funding channel. In development cooperation projects, the funding channel may be, for instance, an organisation that implements the project in full or in part, or the Embassy of Finland in the target country that channels the funds to a local organisation implementing the project.
Additional information about a programme or a project is provided by the relevant unit at the Ministry for Foreign Affairs.
The codes of programmes and projects are available in the Ministry’s case management system.
The ID code of a programme or a project in the Ministry’s case management system.
The date when the information was last revised.