Learning through play
“A teacher’s job is to give children a chance to have fun, feel hope and dream,” says Hanan al-Hroub from Palestine, who was awarded the Global Teacher Prize in 2016. Al-Hroub visited Helsinki last weekend at the invitation of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs.
Hanan al-Hroub flicks through the photos on her phone, and selects a picture of a boy drawing a circle on a piece of paper. The boy looks relaxed and focused on his task. “Can you see how he’s smiling?” she asks.
Hanan al-Hroub, 44, teaches seven-year-old schoolchildren at Samiha Khalil School in al-Bireh, near Ramallah. She has used recycled materials to create a colourful learning environment in her classroom, where children can at least for a while simply enjoy being children – drawing, making handicrafts, dancing with hula hoops, and just laughing together.
“A teacher’s job is to give children a chance to have fun, feel hope, and dream,” says al-Hroub.
In Palestinian territories occupied by Israel, children may witness violence almost daily – or at least pick up their parents’ concerns about the future. For this reason they need to be supported, and shown how to solve problems without resorting to violence.
Al-Hroub’s methods are based on the ways children play naturally. In her teaching she uses games that inspire her pupils to think about moral and ethical questions while they are learning. The goal is to reinforce positive forms of behaviour such as cooperation.
“It’s important for the children to learn to trust and respect each other. But at the same time you have to remember that children are all individuals with their own special needs,” she adds.
Making learning fun
Hanan al-Hroub first came up with her play-based teaching methods after two of her own children witnessed a shooting incident in which their father was injured. “The children were traumatised, and had no interest in school. The teachers were just unable to help them,” she explains.
Taking matters into her own hands, Al-Hroub created a play corner at home, where she gradually managed to help her children to enjoy learning again. She next tried the same methods with other children she knew, and in her teaching. She has also written a book about her experiences and ideas.
Al-Hroub’s work so impressed the Varkey Foundation, a well-respected global educational charity, that the foundation chose to award her their Global Teacher Prize for 2016, as the best teacher in the world. The prize amounts to a million US dollars in funding.
Last weekend al-Hroub attended the major education fair Educa in Helsinki, at the invitation of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs. During her stay in Helsinki she also visited Meri-Rastila primary school in the city’s Vuosaari district. “I was impressed by the positive atmosphere in the school and its multiculturalism. The children were learning in several languages in the classrooms, but they all also learn Finnish,” she says.
Al-Hroub feels that many other countries could learn from the methods Finland has used to integrate immigrant children: “If you respect the children’s native languages and religions, they will also learn to respect Finland,” she says.
Finland has provided 25 million euros of support for the education of Palestinian children over the last 20 years
- Since 2010 this support has been channeled through the development budget of the Palestinian National Authority’s Ministry of Education. Funds have been used to build schools, train teachers, improve the administration of education, and organise activities for schoolchildren.
- The educational sector in Palestine also receives financial support from Germany, Belgium, Norway and Ireland.
- Funds totalling nine million euros have been ear-marked for use in education during the years 2017–2019.
- Finland also supports the provision of pre-school education for Palestinian children through UNICEF.
The writer works as a sub-editor for the magazine Kehitys-Utveckling (Development)