Evaluation Report 2010:6: Evaluation of Agriculture in the Finnish Development CooperationAgriculture in the Finnish Development Cooperation (Evaluation report 2010:6)(PDF, 5,9 Mt)
Evaluation report 2010:6: Appendices 2-10 (PDF, 3,8 Mt)
ISBN 978-951-724-896-9 (printed)
ISBN 978-951-724-897-6 (pdf)
This evaluation examined Finland’s aid in agriculture in 1995-2008. It included desk research, interviews and field visits to Zambia, Mozambique, Nicaragua, and Vietnam, and briefly Tanzania and Kenya. Short consultations were held also with some relevant international organisations.
Focus of the Finnish aid was on areas with high poverty frequency. Aid was well aligned with national and regional needs and priorities. Planning and implementation was highly participatory but in project design deficiencies were detected. Financial, economic and risk analysis was often lacking. The efficiency in decision making and administration was satisfactory. Sector programmes were better owned by the partner countries showing thus more potential for sustainability than individual bilateral projects. In general, consideration of cross-cutting issues was unsatisfactory.
The effectiveness was satisfactory or unsatisfactory, yet with marked country-specific differences. Zambia’s scores were low, while those of Mozambique and Vietnam high. Due to weak monitoring and evaluation (M&E) the effectiveness of aid was difficult to assess. Partner countries’ management, technical and financial capacities, and the coverage of extension services were improved, while linkage to research and extension remained weak due to lacking local structures. The impact of the aid was below satisfactory, attributable partly to poor supportive documentation, which did not allow proper assessment. The impact was, however, most concretely discernible in extension and local planning, in the creation of service cooperatives and in the high ownership among their members. The impact on poverty reduction and food security was limited, hampered also by deficient linkages to marketing and value-chain development.
The evaluation recommends that support to agriculture be a combination of the productive sector in rural development, value chain development, agricultural research, and institutional capacity development. The Paris Declaration should be more force-fully Evaluation of Agriculture fully taken into account. M&E, planning and design must be geared to results and impact-based systems.
Keywords: agriculture, rural development, poverty reduction, value chain, food security